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Burenellidae - Vairimorpha Pilley, 1976
The microsporidia in the family Burenellidae are known as causing diseases in ants, other insects, and other arthropods. They are intracellular pathogens, characterised by producing 2 or 3 morphologically different forms of spores. For example, Vairimorpha invictae causes a microsporidian disease in fire ants and reproduces either by forming groups of eight oval spores by meiosis (octospores), each with only one nucleus, or by producing rod-shaped binucleate spores.
The genus Vairimorpha contains around 10 species of microsporidia. They infect different types of insects like Lepidoptera, Hymenoptera and Diptera, but also crustaceans.
Type species of Vairimorpha: Vairimorpha necatrix
Currently, the following species have been entered into the system: