Bulletin of Insectology (2015) 68, 13-22

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Bozena Lagowska, Katarzyna Golan, Izabela Kot, Katarzyna Kmiec, Edyta Górska-Drabik and Katarzyna Goliszek (2015)
Alien and invasive scale insect species in Poland and their threat to native plants
Bulletin of Insectology 68 (1), 13-22
Abstract: A complete list of scale insect species (Coccoidea) alien to Poland is presented for the first time. A total of 51 species have been introduced to Poland since the 19th century, mainly from the Neotropical and Oriental regions. Of this group, 46 species live only indoors, 4 species develop outdoors and 1 species Pulvinaria floccifera (Westwood) develops both indoors and outdoors. Among the scale insects introduced into Poland, 16 species are considered to be invasive, while 13 species pose the greatest threats to native plants. For each species, the date of the first record in Poland, their origin, category and period of introduction, environment and principal hosts in Poland, invasive status and threat to native plants are provided based on bibliographic sources.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
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Database assignments for author(s): Izabela Kot, Edyta Gorska-Drabik

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
population dynamics/ epidemiology

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Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

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Aonidiella aurantii Poland
Coccus hesperidum Poland
Pseudococcus longispinus Poland
Saissetia oleae Poland
Aspidiotus nerii Poland
Pseudaulacaspis pentagona Poland
Chrysomphalus dictyospermi Poland
Icerya purchasi Poland
Aspidiotus destructor Poland
Chrysomphalus aonidum Poland
Saissetia coffeae Poland
Parasaissetia nigra Poland
Parlatoria pergandii Poland
Parlatoria proteus Poland
Abgrallaspis cyanophylli Poland
Hemiberlesia lataniae Poland
Hemiberlesia palmae Poland
Pinnaspis aspidistrae Poland
Pulvinaria floccifera Poland
Pinnaspis strachani Poland
Hemiberlesia rapax Poland
Pseudococcus maritimus Poland
Aulacaspis yasumatsui Poland
Nipaecoccus nipae Poland
Rhizoecus americanus Poland
Rhizoecus cacticans Poland
Rhizoecus dianthi Poland
Spilococcus mamillariae Poland
Insignorthezia insignis Poland
Aulacaspis rosae Poland
Fiorinia fioriniae Poland
Howardia biclavis Poland
Diaspis boisduvalii Poland
Diaspis echinocacti Poland
Parthenolecanium fletcheri Poland
Furchadaspis zamiae Poland
Gymnaspis aechmeae Poland
Aonidia lauri Poland
Dynaspidiotus britannicus Poland
Diaspis bromeliae Poland