Biological Invasions (2016) 18, 3409-3418

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Riley F. Bernard and William J. Mautz (2016)
Dietary overlap between the invasive coquí frog (Eleutherodactylus coqui) and the Hawaiian hoary bat (Lasiurus cinereus semotus) on the Island of Hawai'i
Biological Invasions 18 (12), 3409-3418
Abstract: The invasive coquí frog is a likely insectivorous competitor to the native Hawaiian hoary bat. The frog is a sit-and-wait predator native to Puerto Rico, but it has the capacity for producing dense populations in its invasive range and the potential to reduce arthropod populations, including aerial arthropods in the orders Coleoptera, Lepidoptera and Isoptera, which are primary food sources of the Hawaiian hoary bat. Dietary analysis of the coquí frog showed that aerial insects made up 33.8 % of the diet. The dietary similarity of the bat and frog was relatively low (Pianka index = 0.25), however, coquí frogs consumed a wide range of juvenile flying insects. Population densities of coquí frogs at two low elevation sites were projected to range from 750 to 14,000 individuals/hectare, and could consume an estimated 1500–19,000 aerial insects/hectare/night, or nearly 90.6 % of all available aerial insects/hectare. Although direct competition between coquí frogs and Hawaiian hoary bats was not confirmed, the coquí frogs could reduce available prey for bats in newly invaded upland sites where bats appear to be more selective of prey species among available aerial insects.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
environment - cropping system/rotation

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Eleutherodactylus coqui U.S.A. (Hawaii)