Biocontrol Science and Technology (2012) 22, 1373-1388

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Catello Pane, Domenica Villecco, Francesco Campanile and Massimo Zaccardelli (2012)
Novel strains of Bacillus, isolated from compost and compost-amended soils, as biological control agents against soil-borne phytopathogenic fungi
Biocontrol Science and Technology 22 (12), 1373-1388
Abstract: A stepwise screening strategy made it possible to identify five new Bacillus spp. strains for biocontrol of Rhizoctonia solani, Sclerotinia minor and Fusarium solani. In vitro and in vivo biocontrol activity and M13-PCR DNA-fingerprinting led to the selection of these valuable biological control agents (BCAs) from a wide collection of over 250 candidates. At the end of this selection, the highest potential antagonists were identified at species level by 16S-rRNA gene sequence analysis, and results assigned them to Bacillus subtilis group as Bacillus amyloliquefaciens- and Bacillus methylotrophicus-related strains. In the current study, spore-forming bacteria provided substantial biocontrol of telluric diseases on cress and other different host plants. The strains named 15S and 09C were effective in disease control on Brassica oleracea/R. solani pathosystem, whereas Sclerotinia drop of lettuce was reduced by treatments with the strains 17S and 08C. Finally, the strains 17S and 12S were equally effective to control potato Fusarium rot. The evident zone of inhibition seen in dual culture plates suggested antibiosis-like antagonisms as the main mechanisms used by these bacterial isolates in interaction with the pathogens. Additionally, the API-ZYM method revealed constitutive activity of certain extracellular enzymes that could be involved in plant fortification. Bacillus strains isolated from compost and compost-amended soils are promising BCAs that have potential for practical application as biofungicides.
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Database assignments for author(s): Massimo Zaccardelli

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
evaluation - screening - selection

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.
Rhizoctonia solani Cabbage (Brassica oleracea)
Neocosmospora solani
Sclerotinia minor Lettuce (Lactuca)
Bacillus subtilis (antagonist)
Bacillus amyloliquefaciens (antagonist)