Biocontrol Science and Technology (2010) 20, 411-422

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Athanasios C. Kimbaris, Dimitrios P. Papachristos, Antonios Michaelakis, Angeliki F. Martinou and Moschos G. Polissiou (2010)
Toxicity of plant essential oil vapours to aphid pests and their coccinellid predators
Biocontrol Science and Technology 20 (4), 411-422
Abstract: The comparative toxicity of five essential oil vapours was tested against four aphid species, the black bean aphid Aphis fabae, the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum, the chrysanthemum aphid Macrosiphoniella sanborni, the green peach aphid Myzus persicae and on two of the most common coccinellid predators, the seven-spotted ladybird Coccinella septempunctata and the two-spotted ladybird Adalia bipunctata. All essential oils were highly toxic to the aphid species tested with LC50 and LC99 values ranging between 0.17 and 1.92 and 0.44 and 4.83 µL/L air, respectively, depending on the aphid species and on the essential oil. Coccinellid predators were also highly susceptible to the essential oil vapours and the selective toxicity ratio varied depending on aphid species, coccinellid predator and essential oil. The possibilities for the utililization of essential oils as aphicides, especially in IPM programmes in glasshouses are discussed with regard to the present findings.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Dimitrios P. Papachristos, Angeliki F. Martinou, Antonios Michaelakis, Moschos G. Polissiou

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
control - general
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
evaluation - screening - selection

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Myzus persicae
Aphis fabae
Acyrthosiphon pisum
Macrosiphoniella sanborni
Adalia bipunctata (predator)
Coccinella septempunctata (predator)