Biocontrol Science and Technology (2003) 13, 379-390

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Omkar and A. Pervez (2003)
Ecology and biocontrol potential of a scale-predator, Chilocorus nigritus
Biocontrol Science and Technology 13 (4), 379-390
Abstract: Chilocorus nigritus (Fabricius) is a common predator of scale insects, especially Diaspididae. It is an effective colonist, native to India and may easily establish in pest prevalent regions. Several attempts have been made in the recent past to exploit it for the biocontrol of diaspids infesting sugarcane, citrus and other horticultural crops. The scattered information on its global distribution, foraging, prey range and predation habits, growth and development, reproduction, mass rearing and releases is reviewed. The interpretation of the empirical data has been made and inferences drawn, wherever needed. There is an asymmetry in the literature available, since much emphasis has been given to sampling, mass rearing and field releases of the predator, whereas its ecological and reproductive aspects are poorly dealt with. There are a number of gaps in the information, such as, influences of its age, reproductive, adaptive and survival strategies, its role in the guild and artificial diets which require further investigation.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Omkar

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
review
classical biocontrol/new introduction


Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.


Myzus persicae India
Lipaphis erysimi India
Aphis nerii India
Phoenicococcus marlatti Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) India
Aonidiella aurantii
Coccus hesperidum
Brevicoryne brassicae India
Pseudaulacaspis pentagona
Lepidosaphes beckii
Aleurodicus dispersus
Coccus viridis India
Aspidiotus destructor Coconut (Cocos nucifera)
Chrysomphalus aonidum
Parlatoria blanchardi Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) India
Pseudococcus cryptus Coconut (Cocos nucifera)
Ceroplastes actiniformis Coconut (Cocos nucifera)
Vinsonia stellifera Coconut (Cocos nucifera)
Hemiberlesia lataniae Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) India
Aulacaspis tubercularis
Prococcus acutissimus Coconut (Cocos nucifera)
Chilocorus nigritus (predator) Turkey
Chilocorus nigritus (predator) Indonesia
Chilocorus nigritus (predator) American Samoa
Chilocorus nigritus (predator) Guam
Chilocorus nigritus (predator) New Caledonia
Chilocorus nigritus (predator) Solomon Islands
Chilocorus nigritus (predator) Ghana
Chilocorus nigritus (predator) Kenya
Chilocorus nigritus (predator) Seychelles
Chilocorus nigritus (predator) Tanzania
Chilocorus nigritus (predator) Madagascar
Chilocorus nigritus (predator) Eswatini
Chilocorus nigritus (predator) Zimbabwe
Chilocorus nigritus (predator) Oman
Chilocorus nigritus (predator) Reunion Island
Chilocorus nigritus (predator) U.S.A. (Hawaii)
Chilocorus nigritus (predator) Myzus persicae India
Chilocorus nigritus (predator) Lipaphis erysimi India
Chilocorus nigritus (predator) Aphis nerii India
Chilocorus nigritus (predator) Phoenicococcus marlatti Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) India
Chilocorus nigritus (predator) Aonidiella aurantii
Chilocorus nigritus (predator) Coccus hesperidum Coconut (Cocos nucifera)
Chilocorus nigritus (predator) Brevicoryne brassicae India
Chilocorus nigritus (predator) Pseudaulacaspis pentagona
Chilocorus nigritus (predator) Lepidosaphes beckii
Chilocorus nigritus (predator) Aleurodicus dispersus Coconut (Cocos nucifera)
Chilocorus nigritus (predator) Coccus viridis India
Chilocorus nigritus (predator) Aspidiotus destructor Coconut (Cocos nucifera)
Chilocorus nigritus (predator) Chrysomphalus aonidum
Chilocorus nigritus (predator) Parlatoria blanchardi Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) India
Chilocorus nigritus (predator) Pseudococcus cryptus Coconut (Cocos nucifera)
Chilocorus nigritus (predator) Ceroplastes actiniformis Coconut (Cocos nucifera)
Chilocorus nigritus (predator) Vinsonia stellifera Coconut (Cocos nucifera)
Chilocorus nigritus (predator) Hemiberlesia lataniae Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) India
Chilocorus nigritus (predator) Aulacaspis tubercularis
Chilocorus nigritus (predator) Prococcus acutissimus Coconut (Cocos nucifera)