Biocontrol Science and Technology (1999) 9, 9-18

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Lawrence A. Lacey, A.A. Kirk, L. Millar, G. Mercadier and C. Vidal (1999)
Ovicidal and larvicidal activity of conidia and blastospores of Paecilomyces fumosoroseus (Deuteromycotina : Hyphomycetes) against Bemisia argentifolii (Homoptera : Aleyrodidae) with a description of a bioassay system allowing prolonged survival of control insects
Biocontrol Science and Technology 9 (1), 9-18
Abstract: Fungi are the only effective entomopathogens of members of the Aleyrodidae and other homopterans because of the piercing and sucking feeding strategy of these insects. The laboratory assessment of the entomopathogenic activity of fungi often requires a prolonged period of observation. Leaf quality can be the limiting factor in bioassays of fungi against whiteflies that require longer observation periods or those that require conditions that are as close to natural ones as possible. A bioassay system is described that utilizes rooted cabbage leaves infested with the highly polyphagous whitefly, Bemisia argentifolii . Using this method, discriminating dosages of aerial conidia and blastospores of two isolates of Paecilomyces fumosoroseus (Pfr) were bioassayed against eggs and nymphs of B. argentifolii . Low, but significant, mortality (10-20%) of eggs was observed 14 days after exposure to 3.8 104 blastospores/cm2 for the Pfr 97 and European Biological Control Laboratory (EBCL) Pfr 42 isolates. Additionally, the majority of crawlers that had hatched from treated eggs died on the surface of the leaves. Exposure of early second-instar nymphs of B. argentifolii to 3.8 103 conidia or blastospores/cm2 of Pfr 97 resulted in mortalities of 27 and 77% respectively. Identical dosages of conidia and blastospores of the Pfr 42 isolate resulted in mortalities of 59 and 68% respectively. The bioassay method described enables the comparative evaluation of entomopathogenic fungi against whiteflies under diverse biotic and abiotic conditions.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Lawrence A. Lacey, Alan A. Kirk

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
evaluation - screening - selection


Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.


Bemisia tabaci biotype MEAM1
Cordyceps fumosorosea (entomopathogen) Bemisia tabaci biotype MEAM1