Biocontrol Science and Technology (1995) 5, 121-130

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L.A. Lacey, H.K. Kaya and R. Bettencourt (1995)
Dispersal of Steinernema glaseri in adult Japanese beetles, Popillia japonica (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)
Biocontrol Science and Technology 5 (1), 121-130
Abstract: Japanese beetle adults, Popillia japonica, can become infected with and disperse the entomopathogenic nematode, Steinernema glaseri, under laboratory and field conditions. After a 24-h exposure to 10 000 infective juveniles/20 adult beetles, 45% of the beetles died within 4 days post-treatment, but only 59% of these were infected with the nematode. Corresponding control mortality was 6.5%. An average of 238 infective juveniles were produced/beetle. Beetles exposed to 4000 and 10 000 infectives/10 adults carried with them an average of 17 and 59 infectives/adult on external body surfaces respectively. When beetles that had been exposed to 4000 infectives/20 adults were transferred to, and held in, cages containing soil for 2 weeks, up to 89% of the adults died, as did 74% of the P. japonica larvae that were subsequently placed in the cages. When adults that had been exposed to 50 000 infectives/250 beetles in moist sand for 16 h were released into screened cages in the field at soil temperatures of over 25 C, the soil beneath 83% of the cages tested positive for the nematode, using Galleria mellonella larvae as bait, 2 weeks after releasing the beetles. No nematodes were detected in control plots. The potential of infected adult P. japonica for dispersing S. glaseri by flight was investigated by exposing adults to 50 000 infectives/250 beetles, marking and releasing them in the field and recapturing them in lure-baited Japanese beetle traps. Less than 1% of the treated beetles were recaptured, but 33% of these had one or more nematodes in their hemocoels. Accordingly, this approach does not appear to be feasible for large-scale augmentation and dispersal of the nematode using currently developed methods of infection. If improvements in mass-inoculation methods can be made that enable a rapid high percentage of infection while still permitting flight, this concept could be employed to establish new foci of infection or for the introduction of other species of nematodes.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Harry K. Kaya, Lawrence A. Lacey

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
transmission/dispersal


Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.


Popillia japonica
Steinernema glaseri/Xenorhabdus poinarii (entomopathogen) Popillia japonica