BioControl (2015) 60, 817-825

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Marcus V.A. Duarte, Madelaine Venzon, Marilia C. de S. Bittencourt, Fredy A. Rodríguez-Cruz, Angelo Pallini and Arne Janssen (2015)
Alternative food promotes broad mite control on chilli pepper plants
BioControl 60 (6), 817-825
Abstract: Many omnivorous arthropods are important natural enemies because they can feed on plant-provided pollen and several prey species, and thus persist in crops even in the absence of the target pest. Hence, populations of these predators can be established in a crop by providing alternative food, thus increasing biological control. We investigated how alternative food affects broad mite (Polyphagotarsonemus latus) control on chilli pepper plants by predatory mites. The predatory mite Amblyseius herbicolus had high oviposition and population growth rates when fed with cattail pollen, chilli pepper pollen and bee-collected pollen, and a low rate on the alternative prey Tetranychus urticae. Supplementing pepper plants with pollen resulted in better control of broad mite populations. Release of A. herbicolus on young plants with weekly addition of honeybee pollen until plants produce flowers seems a viable strategy to sustain populations of this predator, thus protecting young, vulnerable plants from broad mite infestations.
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Full text of article
Database assignments for author(s): Arne Janssen

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
rearing/culturing/mass production
general biology - morphology - evolution

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Polyphagotarsonemus latus Green pepper/chilli (Capsicum) Brazil (south)
Amblyseius herbicolus (predator) Polyphagotarsonemus latus Green pepper/chilli (Capsicum) Brazil (south)