Arthropod-Plant Interactions (2013) 7, 53-58
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The role of glandular and non-glandular trichomes in the negative interactions between strawberry cultivars and spider mite
Arthropod-Plant Interactions 7 (1), 53-58
Abstract: In tropical countries, spider mite (Tetranychus urticae Koch) is a major pest of strawberries. This pest is mainly controlled by the application of pesticides. Use of pest-resistant cultivars is a healthy and environment-friendly alternative to pesticide use. This paper describes the role of glandular and non-glandular trichomes in the interaction between strawberry cultivars and spider mite. The methodology used in this study was based on two bioassays. First, the thumbtack bioassay of Weston and Snyder was used to differentiate strawberry cultivars in terms of the distance travelled by the mites. Second, different types of trichomes present on the abaxial surface of the strawberry leaves were identified and counted. The results of this study showed a significantly negative correlation between the distance travelled by the spider mites and the density of glandular trichomes on the strawberry plant. The cultivars Camino Real and Dover had the highest densities of glandular trichomes and the shortest distance travelled by the mites. In contrast, the cultivars Ventana and Toyonoka had the lowest density of glandular trichomes and the longest distance travelled by the spider mites. The high density of glandular trichomes might have been responsible for the spider mite non-preference to the Camino Real and Dover strawberry cultivars, whereas the non-glandular trichomes minimally contributed to this non-preference. The results of this study affirm the role of glandular trichomes in negative interactions between strawberry and spider mites.
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Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
resistance/tolerance/defence of host
Pest and/or beneficial records:
|Tetranychus urticae||Strawberry (Fragaria)|