Applied and Environmental Microbiology (2019) 85 (9 - e02931-18)

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Qian Li, Rongjun Guo, Yujia Li, Wyatt H. Hartman, Shifang Li, Zhixiang Zhang, Susannah G. Tringe and Hongqing Wang (2019)
Insight into the bacterial endophytic communities of peach cultivars related to crown gall disease resistance
Applied and Environmental Microbiology 85 (9 - e02931-18)
Abstract: Crown gall disease caused by Agrobacterium tumefaciens severely impacts the production of peach and other fruit trees. Several peach cultivars are partially resistant to A. tumefaciens, but little is known about the roles of endophytic microbiota in disease resistance. In the present study, the endophytic bacterial communities of resistant and susceptible peach cultivars "Honggengansutao" and "Okinawa" were analyzed using universal 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing in parallel with the cultivation and characterization of bacterial isolates. A total of 1,357,088 high-quality sequences representing 3,160 distinct operational taxonomic units (OTUs; Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, and Firmicutes) and 1,200 isolates of 20 genera and 305 distinct ribotypes were collected from peach roots and twigs. It was found that factors including plant developmental stage, cultivar, and A. tumefaciens invasion strongly influenced the peach endophytic communities. The community diversity of endophytic bacteria and the abundance of culturable bacteria were both higher in the roots of the resistant cultivar, particularly after inoculation. Strikingly, the pathogen antagonists Streptomyces and Pseudomonas in roots and Rhizobium in twigs were most frequently detected in resistant plants. Our results suggest that the higher abundance and diversity of endophytic bacteria and increased proportions of antagonistic bacteria might contribute to the natural defense of the resistant cultivar against A. tumefaciens. This work reveals the relationships between endophytic bacteria and disease resistance in peach plants and provides important information for microbiome-based biocontrol of crown gall disease in fruit trees.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Rong-Jun Guo, Shi-Fang Li

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
resistance/tolerance/defence of host

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Agrobacterium tumefaciens Peach/nectarine (Prunus persica)