Applied Entomology and Zoology (2013) 48, 21-26

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Keisuke Yashima and Tamotsu Murai (2013)
Development and reproduction of a potential biological control agent, Aphelinus varipes (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae), at different temperatures
Applied Entomology and Zoology 48 (1), 21-26
Abstract: The development and reproductive potential of an indigenous parasitoid, Aphelinus varipes (Förster), was studied at 15, 17, 20, 25, and 30 °C. Developmental durations decreased with increasing temperatures. The emergence rate was higher than 90 % at 15, 17, and 20 °C. Offspring sex ratios were 0.69, 0.54, and 0.70 at 17, 20, and 25 °C, respectively, but were 0.14 at 15 °C and 0.38 at 30 °C. Developmental zeros of females and males were calculated as 9.9 and 9.6 °C, respectively. The effective accumulative temperature (K) was 204.1 degree-days in both sexes. Fecundity peaked in early age after emergence, then gradually decreased in a fluctuating manner at 20 and 25 °C. Host feeding continued constantly during the life of female adults at two temperatures. Single female parasitoids produced 218.5 and 203.1 mummies at 20 and 25 °C, respectively, during their lifespans. Aphids killed by parasitoid host feeding numbered 79.1 at 20 °C and 63.8 at 25 °C. Longevities were 27.0 days at 20 °C and 20.6 days at 25 °C. Moreover, intrinsic rates of natural increase (rm) were estimated as 0.151 at 20 °C and 0.227 at 25 °C. We discuss the potential of A. varipes as biological control agents by comparing them with Aphidius colemani Viereck, which has been introduced to horticultural crops in greenhouses in Japan.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Tamotsu Murai

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
general biology - morphology - evolution
environment/habitat manipulation

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Aphelinus varipes (parasitoid)