Applied Entomology and Zoology (2002) 37, 237-249

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Hajimu Takada (2002)
Parasitoids (Hymenoptera Braconidae, Aphidiinae; Aphelinidae) of four principal pest aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae) on greenhouse vegetable crops in Japan
Applied Entomology and Zoology 37 (2), 237-249
Abstract: Aphidiine and aphelinid parasitoids of four principal pest aphids on greenhouse vegetable crops in Japan, Aphis gossypii, Myzus persicae, Macrosiphum euphorbiae and Aulacorthum solani, were surveyed to find native parasitoids that would be useful as biological control agents. A total of 19 species (Aphidiinae: 13 species in 7 genera, Aphelinidae: 6 Aphelinus species) were confirmed as parasitoids of the four pest aphids from field collection and breeding experiments. Of these, six species (Lysiphlebus fabarum and 5 Aphelinus species) were new to Japan. In total, 145 tritrophic (parasitoid-host aphid-plant) relationships are reported. The principal aphidiine parasitoids were Lysiphlebus japonicus and Binodoxys communis on A. gossypii, Aphidius gifuensis and Diaeretiella rapae on M. persicae, and A. gifuensis on A. solani. There were no predominant species among the parasitoid spectrum of M. euphorbiae in Japan. Aphelinus gossypii, A. varipes, A. albipodus and A. asychis showed a high degree of suitability for Aphis gossypii, Aphis gossypii and M. persicae, M. persicae and M. euphorbiae, and all four principal pest aphids, respectively. A key to the parasitoid species associated with the four pest aphids in Japan is provided. The potential using the native parasitoids as biological control agents against the four pest aphids is discussed.
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Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
surveys/distribution/isolation


Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.


Aphis gossypii Eggplant (Solanum melongena) Japan
Aphis gossypii Potato (Solanum tuberosum) Japan
Aphis gossypii Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) Japan
Aphis gossypii Melon (Cucumis melo) Japan
Aphis gossypii Taro (Colocasia) Japan
Aphis gossypii Squash/pumpkin (Cucurbita) Japan
Aphis gossypii Chrysanthemum (genus) Japan
Myzus persicae Cabbage (Brassica oleracea) Japan
Myzus persicae Eggplant (Solanum melongena) Japan
Myzus persicae Green pepper/chilli (Capsicum) Japan
Myzus persicae Potato (Solanum tuberosum) Japan
Myzus persicae Radish (Raphanus sativus) Japan
Myzus persicae Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis) Japan
Myzus persicae Spinach (Spinacia oleracea) Japan
Myzus persicae Brassica - other species Japan
Myzus persicae Sesame (Sesamum indicum) Japan
Myzus persicae Chrysanthemum (genus) Japan
Myzus persicae Burdock (Arctium) Japan
Macrosiphum euphorbiae Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) Japan
Aulacorthum solani Eggplant (Solanum melongena) Japan
Aulacorthum solani Soybean (Glycine max) Japan
Aulacorthum solani Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) Japan
Aphelinus abdominalis (parasitoid) Aulacorthum solani Japan
Aphelinus asychis (parasitoid) Aphis gossypii Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) Japan
Aphelinus asychis (parasitoid) Aphis gossypii Squash/pumpkin (Cucurbita) Japan
Aphelinus asychis (parasitoid) Myzus persicae Cabbage (Brassica oleracea) Japan
Aphelinus asychis (parasitoid) Myzus persicae Potato (Solanum tuberosum) Japan
Aphelinus asychis (parasitoid) Myzus persicae Radish (Raphanus sativus) Japan
Aphelinus asychis (parasitoid) Macrosiphum euphorbiae Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) Japan
Aphelinus asychis (parasitoid) Aulacorthum solani Japan
Aphidius ervi (parasitoid) Macrosiphum euphorbiae Japan
Aphidius ervi (parasitoid) Aulacorthum solani Japan
Diaeretiella rapae (parasitoid) Aphis gossypii Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) Japan
Diaeretiella rapae (parasitoid) Myzus persicae Cabbage (Brassica oleracea) Japan
Diaeretiella rapae (parasitoid) Myzus persicae Eggplant (Solanum melongena) Japan
Diaeretiella rapae (parasitoid) Myzus persicae Potato (Solanum tuberosum) Japan
Diaeretiella rapae (parasitoid) Myzus persicae Radish (Raphanus sativus) Japan
Diaeretiella rapae (parasitoid) Myzus persicae Spinach (Spinacia oleracea) Japan
Diaeretiella rapae (parasitoid) Myzus persicae Brassica - other species Japan
Aphelinus albipodus (parasitoid) Aphis gossypii Japan
Aphelinus albipodus (parasitoid) Myzus persicae Japan
Aphelinus albipodus (parasitoid) Macrosiphum euphorbiae Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) Japan
Lysiphlebia japonica (parasitoid) Aphis gossypii Potato (Solanum tuberosum) Japan
Lysiphlebia japonica (parasitoid) Aphis gossypii Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) Japan
Lysiphlebia japonica (parasitoid) Aphis gossypii Taro (Colocasia) Japan
Lysiphlebia japonica (parasitoid) Aphis gossypii Chrysanthemum (genus) Japan
Lysiphlebus fabarum (parasitoid) Aphis gossypii Eggplant (Solanum melongena) Japan
Aphidius gifuensis (parasitoid) Aphis gossypii Eggplant (Solanum melongena) Japan
Aphidius gifuensis (parasitoid) Aphis gossypii Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) Japan
Aphidius gifuensis (parasitoid) Myzus persicae Japan
Aphidius gifuensis (parasitoid) Macrosiphum euphorbiae Cabbage (Brassica oleracea) Japan
Aphidius gifuensis (parasitoid) Macrosiphum euphorbiae Eggplant (Solanum melongena) Japan
Aphidius gifuensis (parasitoid) Macrosiphum euphorbiae Green pepper/chilli (Capsicum) Japan
Aphidius gifuensis (parasitoid) Macrosiphum euphorbiae Potato (Solanum tuberosum) Japan
Aphidius gifuensis (parasitoid) Macrosiphum euphorbiae Radish (Raphanus sativus) Japan
Aphidius gifuensis (parasitoid) Macrosiphum euphorbiae Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis) Japan
Aphidius gifuensis (parasitoid) Macrosiphum euphorbiae Brassica - other species Japan
Aphidius gifuensis (parasitoid) Macrosiphum euphorbiae Sesame (Sesamum indicum) Japan
Aphidius gifuensis (parasitoid) Macrosiphum euphorbiae Chrysanthemum (genus) Japan
Aphidius gifuensis (parasitoid) Macrosiphum euphorbiae Burdock (Arctium) Japan
Aphidius gifuensis (parasitoid) Aulacorthum solani Eggplant (Solanum melongena) Japan
Aphidius gifuensis (parasitoid) Aulacorthum solani Soybean (Glycine max) Japan
Aphidius gifuensis (parasitoid) Aulacorthum solani Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) Japan
Ephedrus persicae (parasitoid) Myzus persicae Radish (Raphanus sativus) Japan
Aphidius transcaspicus (parasitoid) Aphis gossypii Japan
Ephedrus plagiator (parasitoid) Aphis gossypii Japan
Ephedrus plagiator (parasitoid) Myzus persicae Taro (Colocasia) Japan
Ephedrus plagiator (parasitoid) Myzus persicae Chrysanthemum (genus) Japan
Aphelinus varipes (parasitoid) Aphis gossypii Eggplant (Solanum melongena) Japan
Aphelinus varipes (parasitoid) Aphis gossypii Potato (Solanum tuberosum) Japan
Aphelinus varipes (parasitoid) Aphis gossypii Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) Japan
Aphelinus varipes (parasitoid) Aphis gossypii Taro (Colocasia) Japan
Aphelinus varipes (parasitoid) Aphis gossypii Squash/pumpkin (Cucurbita) Japan
Aphelinus varipes (parasitoid) Myzus persicae Cabbage (Brassica oleracea) Japan
Aphelinus varipes (parasitoid) Myzus persicae Potato (Solanum tuberosum) Japan
Aphelinus varipes (parasitoid) Myzus persicae Radish (Raphanus sativus) Japan
Aphelinus varipes (parasitoid) Myzus persicae Brassica - other species Japan
Aphelinus varipes (parasitoid) Myzus persicae Chrysanthemum (genus) Japan
Aphelinus gossypii (parasitoid) Aphis gossypii Eggplant (Solanum melongena) Japan
Aphelinus gossypii (parasitoid) Aphis gossypii Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) Japan
Aphelinus gossypii (parasitoid) Aphis gossypii Melon (Cucumis melo) Japan
Aphelinus gossypii (parasitoid) Aphis gossypii Chrysanthemum (genus) Japan
Aphelinus gossypii (parasitoid) Myzus persicae Eggplant (Solanum melongena) Japan
Aphelinus gossypii (parasitoid) Myzus persicae Brassica - other species Japan
Aphelinus gossypii (parasitoid) Macrosiphum euphorbiae Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) Japan
Lipolexis gracilis (parasitoid) Aphis gossypii Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) Japan
Lipolexis gracilis (parasitoid) Aphis gossypii Taro (Colocasia) Japan
Lipolexis gracilis (parasitoid) Aphis gossypii Squash/pumpkin (Cucurbita) Japan
Lipolexis gracilis (parasitoid) Myzus persicae Potato (Solanum tuberosum) Japan
Binodoxys communis (parasitoid) Aphis gossypii Taro (Colocasia) Japan
Ephedrus nacheri (parasitoid) Aphis gossypii Eggplant (Solanum melongena) Japan
Ephedrus nacheri (parasitoid) Aphis gossypii Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) Japan
Ephedrus nacheri (parasitoid) Aphis gossypii Taro (Colocasia) Japan
Ephedrus nacheri (parasitoid) Myzus persicae Potato (Solanum tuberosum) Japan
Ephedrus nacheri (parasitoid) Myzus persicae Radish (Raphanus sativus) Japan
Praon orientale (parasitoid) Myzus persicae Cabbage (Brassica oleracea) Japan
Praon orientale (parasitoid) Myzus persicae Potato (Solanum tuberosum) Japan
Praon orientale (parasitoid) Macrosiphum euphorbiae Japan
Praon orientale (parasitoid) Aulacorthum solani Japan
Praon rhopalosiphum (parasitoid) Myzus persicae Radish (Raphanus sativus) Japan
Aphelinus maculatus (parasitoid) Myzus persicae Radish (Raphanus sativus) Japan