Anopheles punctipennis

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Anopheles punctipennis
Author(s): Mike Quinn
Source: BugGuide

Anopheles punctipennis (Say, 1823)

This mosquito is widely distributed in North America from Mexico to southern parts of Canada. It bites humans mainly during the night, but rarely enters houses. It is a vector of the ungulate malaria parasite Plasmodium odocoilei which infects deer. It can also be experimentally infected with Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum or carry these parasites, but is not regarded as an important vector for them. On the other hand, it is a vector of the eastern equine encephalitis virus.

A. punctipennis breeds in various aquatic habitats, including pools, stream, puddles, artificial containers and even muddy water. However, it seems to prefer clear water.