Annual Review of Virology (2022) 9, 521-548

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Andreas E. Voloudakis, Athanasios Kaldis and Basavaprabhu L. Patil (2022)
RNA-based vaccination of plants for control of viruses
Annual Review of Virology 9, 521-548
Abstract: Plant viruses cause nearly half of the emerging plant diseases worldwide, contributing to 10–15% of crop yield losses. Control of plant viral diseases is mainly accomplished by extensive chemical applications targeting the vectors (i.e., insects, nematodes, fungi) transmitting these viruses. However, these chemicals have a significant negative effect on human health and the environment. RNA interference is an endogenous, cellular, sequence-specific RNA degradation mechanism in eukaryotes induced by double-stranded RNA molecules that has been exploited as an antiviral strategy through transgenesis. Because genetically modified crop plants are not accepted for cultivation in several countries globally, there is an urgent demand for alternative strategies. This has boosted research on exogenous application of the RNA-based biopesticides that are shown to exhibit significant protective effect against viral infections. Such environment-friendly and efficacious antiviral agents for crop protection will contribute to global food security, without adverse effects on human health.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Basavaprabhu L. Patil

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
resistance/tolerance/defence of host

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Sugarcane mosaic virus Maize/corn (Zea mays)
Potato virus Y Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum)
Cucumber mosaic virus Green pepper/chilli (Capsicum)
Tomato yellow leaf curl virus Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum)
Tobacco mosaic virus Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum)
Tobacco etch virus Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum)
Tomato mosaic virus Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum)
Potato spindle tuber viroid Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum)
Zucchini yellow mosaic virus Cucumber (Cucumis sativus)
Pigeonpea sterility mosaic virus 1 Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan)
Papaya ringspot virus Papaya (Carica papaya)
Bean common mosaic virus Cowpea and relatives (Vigna)
Tomato leaf curl virus (do not use) Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum)
Chrysanthemum chlorotic mottle viroid Chrysanthemum (genus)
Sesbania mosaic virus Sesbania (crop)