Annals of the Entomological Society of America (2009) 102, 684-693

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Hou-Feng Li, Weimin Ye, Nan-Yao Su and Natsumi Kanzaki (2009)
Phylogeography of Coptotermes gestroi and Coptotermes formosanus (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) in Taiwan
Annals of the Entomological Society of America 102 (4), 684-693
Abstract: The Formosan subterranean termite, Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae), is primarily reported from subtropical and warm temperate regions, whereas Coptotermes gestroi (Wasmann) is reported from many areas of the tropics. Taiwan is one of a few areas where the distributions of the two species overlap. By analyzing partial mitochondrial sequences of COII, 12S rRNA, and 16S rRNA, we found that most Taiwanese C. formosanus populations were closely related to Japanese and some Chinese populations and that Taiwanese C. gestroi populations were most closely related to those from the Philippines and Hawaii rather than populations from Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, and Indonesia. The intraspecific variation of C. formosanus was 0.7-0.8% for three genes among seven Taiwanese populations, whereas all Taiwanese C. gestroi populations had identical sequences. The results support that Taiwan may be a center of origin for C. formosanus, but a recent introduction site for C. gestroi.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Hou-Feng Li, Nan-Yao Su

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
molecular biology - genes

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Coptotermes formosanus China (south)
Coptotermes formosanus Japan
Coptotermes formosanus Taiwan
Coptotermes formosanus U.S.A. (SE)
Coptotermes gestroi Indonesia
Coptotermes gestroi Malaysia
Coptotermes gestroi Philippines
Coptotermes gestroi Singapore
Coptotermes gestroi Taiwan
Coptotermes gestroi Thailand
Coptotermes gestroi U.S.A. (Hawaii)
Coptotermes gestroi U.S.A. (SE)