Annals of the Entomological Society of America (2008) 101, 341-350

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Nicholas P. Schmidt, Matthew E. O'Neal and Philip M. Dixon (2008)
Aphidophagous predators in Iowa soybean: A community comparison across multiple years and sampling methods
Annals of the Entomological Society of America 101 (2), 341-350
Abstract: There is increasing evidence that Aphis glycines Matsumara (Hemiptera: Aphididae) populations are negatively impacted by endemic natural enemies within North America. In Iowa, surveys of natural enemies in soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merr., conducted before the arrival of A. glycines revealed a number of species that may contribute to their mortality. We used several sampling methods to determine the diversity of the natural enemy community in Iowa soybean since the arrival of A. glycines. Natural enemies were collected using field-counts (in situ sampling), destructive counts, sweep-net sampling, and yellow-sticky cards. When predaceous arthropods were combined across all sampling methods, six orders were identified, including nine families and 13 genera. In comparison with a similar study conducted 26 yr ago, we observed fewer native coccinellids with the most abundant being the exotics Harmonia axyridis (Pallas) and Coccinella septempunctata L. (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). Combining all foliar-based sampling methods reveals a community of four aphidophagous taxa that account for >94% of the total captured: Toxomerus spp., H. axyridis, Orius insidiosus (Say), and Chrysoperla spp. In both years, destructive counts collected fewer species with more found using field-counts, sweep-net, and yellow-sticky cards. Sweep-net and yellow-sticky cards collected more agile life-stages and species as expected from sampling methods that rely on the insects' activity/density to be effective. Our data suggest absolute methods such as destructive and field-counts may underestimate the contribution of mobile predators on A. glycines mortality.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Matthew E. O'Neal

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Aphis glycines Soybean (Glycine max) U.S.A. (mid N)
Coccinella septempunctata (predator) Aphis glycines Soybean (Glycine max) U.S.A. (mid N)
Harmonia axyridis (predator) Aphis glycines Soybean (Glycine max) U.S.A. (mid N)
Orius insidiosus (predator) Aphis glycines Soybean (Glycine max) U.S.A. (mid N)