Annals of Applied Biology (2005) 147, 183-190

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F. Aboagye-Nuamah, S.K. Offei, E.W. Cornelius and R.D. Bancroft (2005)
Severity of spoilage storage rots of white yam (Dioscorea rotundata Poir.)
Annals of Applied Biology 147 (2), 183-190
Abstract: Severity of storage rots in different sections of white yam tubers (Dioscorea rotundata Poir.) was investigated. Yam samples with rots were collected from a yam barn and from selected markets in Accra, Ghana, to identify the most predominant pathogens associated with the rots. Nine fungal spoilage microorganisms, including Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger, Botryodiplodia theobromae, Fusarium culmorum, Fusarium oxysporium, Fusarium sp., Penicillium brevi-compactum, Penicillium sp. and Rhizopus stolonifer and a bacterium species Erwinia carotovora were identified. The mean incidence of occurrence of the organisms on rotten tissues ranged from 1.2% to 28.5%. Of the 10 microorganisms isolated, B. theobromae, F. oxysporium and R. stolonifer were the most frequently encountered spoilage microorganisms in the markets. E. carotovora, Fusarium solani and Penicillium sp. were relatively sparse (incidence not exceeding 3%) compared to the other yam spoilage microorganisms. The surface area and weight of necrotic tissue induced by the spoilage fungi in the various zones of the tubers over a 28-day storage period were assessed. All the spoilage microorganisms produced rots in the yams, although to different degrees. The severity of the rots increased in weight and area over the period when the tubers were in store but were normally not significantly different in the zones of tubers. There was, however, a linear progression of rots in the various zones of the yam tubers. Although there was generally no significant (P > 0.05) difference in the severity of rots induced by the different microorganisms in the tubers, R. stolonifer commonly induced more rot in the zones of the tubers compared to B. theobromae and F. oxysporium.
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Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Samuel K. Offei

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
damage/losses/economics
surveys/sampling/distribution


Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.


Rhizopus stolonifer Stored fruits/vegetables Ghana
Aspergillus flavus (plant/storage disease) Stored fruits/vegetables Ghana
Aspergillus niger Stored fruits/vegetables Ghana
Penicillium brevicompactum Stored fruits/vegetables Ghana
Lasiodiplodia theobromae Stored fruits/vegetables Ghana
Pectobacterium carotovorum Stored fruits/vegetables Ghana