Annals of Applied Biology (2003) 143, 325-331

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M.A. Easterbrook, J.D. Fitzgerald, C. Pinch, J. Tooley and X-M. Xu (2003)
Development times and fecundity of three important arthropod pests of strawberry in the United Kingdom
Annals of Applied Biology 143 (3), 325-331
Abstract: The development rates and fecundity of three important pests of strawberry in the UK were determined over a range oftemperatures. Development time of the strawberry tarsonemid mite, Phytonemus pallidus, from egg lay to adult, ranged from a mean of 28.4 days at 12.5ºC to 8.8 days at 25ºC. No nymphs developed to adult at 10ºC. Females lived for up to 45 days and laid a mean of 24.3 and 28.5 eggs at 20ºC and 25ºC respectively. Total development time from egg lay to adult for the strawberry blossom weevil, Anthonomus rubi, ranged from a mean of 95.7 days at 10ºC to 18.2 days at 25ºC. Mean fecundity at 20ºC was 157.6 eggs, and the oviposition period averaged 71.6 days. When nymphs were reared on strawberry, development of the European tarnished plant bug, Lygus rugulipennis, from egg lay to adult, ranged from 83.8 days at 15ºC to 28.8 days at 25ºC. Development times on groundsel were shorter and ranged from 65.6 to 22.2 days at 15ºC and 25ºC. Only two nymphs developed to adults at 10ºC; no eggs hatched at that temperature. Mean fecundity at 20ºC was 75.4 eggs, but ranged from 23 to 179. Under a fluctuating temperature regime of 10ºC for 12 h:20ºC for 12 h, nymphs of L. rugulipennis took 40.3 days to become adult on strawberry, and 33.4 days on groundsel. Simple linear models fitted the developmental rate- constant temperature relationship well for all species, accounting for 95-98% of the total variation in observed developmental rates. Development under fluctuating temperatures illustrated the potential problem of extrapolating linear models beyond the conditions of the experiment.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Jean D. Fitzgerald

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
general biology - morphology - evolution
environment - cropping system/rotation

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Anthonomus rubi Strawberry (Fragaria) United Kingdom
Lygus rugulipennis Strawberry (Fragaria) United Kingdom
Phytonemus pallidus Strawberry (Fragaria) United Kingdom