Agricultural and Forest Entomology (2007) 9, 307-326

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Richard M. Smith, Richard H.A. Baker, Chris P. Malumphy, Sue Hockland, Roger P. Hammon, Joe C. Ostojá-Starzewski and Dominique W. Collins (2007)
Recent non-native invertebrate plant pest establishments in Great Britain: origins, pathways, and trends
Agricultural and Forest Entomology 9 (4), 307-326
Abstract: 1 An appraisal of non-native invertebrate plant pest establishments in Great Britain, between 1970 and 2004, was carried out to improve our understanding of current invasion processes by non-native plant pests, and to assist national strategies in managing the risks they pose.
2 A total of 164 establishments, comprising 50 natural colonists and 114 human-assisted introductions, were recorded across 13 major taxonomic groups.
3 The mean rate of establishment was 22.1 species per 5-year period: 19.1 and 3.0 species outside and inside protected cultivation, respectively. Despite the continuing rapid growth in international trade and a general perception that rates of pest invasions are accelerating, no significant temporal trends in the rate of establishments in Great Britain were detected, either for natural colonists or human-assisted introductions, or for pests of plants grown indoors or outside.
4 The plant trade, particularly in ornamental plants, accounted for nearly 90% of human-assisted introductions; apiculture, biological control, timber imports, transport stowaways and intentional releases each contributed less than 5%. Only eight (4.9%) of the establishments could be considered as having no direct potential economic impact because all other species have been recorded as feeding on cultivated plants. A greater proportion of establishments by both natural colonists and human-assisted introductions occurred on non-native, woody plants.
5 The present study confirms previous work in other European countries that highlight the predominant role of the ornamental plant trade in introducing new plant pests to the European continent, mainly from Asia and North America.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): C. Malumphy

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
new introduction of pest
quarantine treatments/regulations/aspects
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
surveys/distribution/isolation


Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.


Dendroctonus micans Spruce (Picea) United Kingdom
Brachyderes incanus Pine (Pinus) United Kingdom
Dioryctria sylvestrella Spruce (Picea) United Kingdom
Dioryctria sylvestrella Pine (Pinus) United Kingdom
Frankliniella occidentalis United Kingdom
Panonychus citri United Kingdom
Diabrotica virgifera Maize/corn (Zea mays) United Kingdom
Nezara viridula United Kingdom
Varroa destructor United Kingdom
Diaprepes abbreviatus United Kingdom
Aleurothrixus floccosus United Kingdom
Myzus varians Peach/nectarine (Prunus persica) United Kingdom
Eurydema ornata United Kingdom
Icerya purchasi United Kingdom
Andricus lignicola Oak (Quercus) United Kingdom
Tylenchorhynchus claytoni United Kingdom
Aceria ficus United Kingdom
Cameraria ohridella Horse-chestnut/buckeye (Aesculus) United Kingdom
Echinothrips americanus United Kingdom
Dasineura gleditchiae Honeylocust and relatives (Gleditsia) United Kingdom
Odonaspis greenii United Kingdom
Tinocallis nevskyi Elm (Ulmus) United Kingdom
Trochiscococcus speciosus United Kingdom
Duponchelia fovealis United Kingdom
Rhyncaphytoptus ficifoliae United Kingdom
Macrosiphum albifrons Lupin (Lupinus) United Kingdom
Scolytus pygmaeus Elm (Ulmus) United Kingdom
Bemisia afer Laurel (Laurus nobilis) United Kingdom
Vasates quadripedes Maple (Acer) United Kingdom
Pineus similis Spruce (Picea) United Kingdom
Gelechia senticetella Juniper (Juniperus) United Kingdom
Acizzia uncatoides United Kingdom
Geococcus coffeae United Kingdom
Phenacoccus defectus United Kingdom
Planococcus vovae United Kingdom
Vryburgia amaryllidis United Kingdom
Vryburgia brevicruris United Kingdom
Cinara cedri Pine (Pinus) United Kingdom
Cinara cedri Cedar United Kingdom
Phyllonorycter leucographella Apple (Malus) United Kingdom
Phyllonorycter leucographella Sorbus (crop) United Kingdom
Phyllonorycter leucographella Hawthorn (Crataegus) United Kingdom
Stephanitis takeyai United Kingdom
Phyllonorycter platani Plane tree/sycamore (Platanus) United Kingdom
Illinoia liriodendri United Kingdom
Nysius senecionis United Kingdom
Andricus corruptrix Oak (Quercus) United Kingdom
Trioza vitreoradiata United Kingdom
Cinara curvipes Cedar United Kingdom
Liorhyssus hyalinus United Kingdom
Russellaspis pustulans United Kingdom
Fiorinia externa United Kingdom
Aonidia lauri Laurel (Laurus nobilis) United Kingdom
Takecallis taiwanus United Kingdom
Orsillus depressus United Kingdom
Periphyllus californiensis Maple (Acer) United Kingdom
Periphyllus californiensis Horse-chestnut/buckeye (Aesculus) United Kingdom
Dryobota labecula Oak (Quercus) United Kingdom
Cydia illutana Spruce (Picea) United Kingdom
Cydia illutana Fir (Abies) United Kingdom
Cydia illutana Larch (Larix) United Kingdom
Clostera anachoreta Poplar/aspen (Populus) United Kingdom
Clostera anachoreta Willow (Salix) United Kingdom
Pinnaspis buxi United Kingdom
Paratrichodorus renifer United Kingdom
Pratylenchus bolivianus United Kingdom
Trichodorus sparsus United Kingdom
Otiorhynchus armadillo United Kingdom
Scolytus laevis Elm (Ulmus) United Kingdom
Phytomyza gymnostoma Onion/garlic/leek (Allium) United Kingdom
Eulecanium excrescens United Kingdom
Wahlgreniella nervata United Kingdom
Argyresthia cupressella Juniper (Juniperus) United Kingdom
Argyresthia trifasciata Juniper (Juniperus) United Kingdom
Cydia medicaginis Alfalfa/lucerne (Medicago sativa) United Kingdom
Hecatera dysodea Lettuce (Lactuca) United Kingdom
Phyllocnistis xenia Poplar/aspen (Populus) United Kingdom
Boettgerilla pallens United Kingdom
Harmonia axyridis (predator) United Kingdom