Plant Disease (2000) 84, 309-315

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A. Khan, N. Atibalentja and D.M. Eastburn (2000)
Influence of inoculum density of Verticillium dahliae on root discoloration of horseradish
Plant Disease 84 (3), 309-315
Abstract: The relationship between inoculum density (number of microsclerotia per gram of air-dried soil) of Verticillium dahliae at the time of planting and the severity and incidence of root discoloration of horseradish at harvest was investigated in a 2-year study conducted in the greenhouse, microplots, and commercial production fields. The objective of the study was to develop a disease-forecast system that would assist growers in assessing the risk of the disease before planting horseradish in a particular field. Significant correlations were observed between inoculum density and severity and incidence of root discoloration in the greenhouse and microplots, although the form of the relationship varied with trials from linear to quadratic and negative exponential. No correlation was found between inoculum density of V. dahliae and severity and incidence of root discoloration in commercial production fields. In some fields with low inoculum densities, high ratings of severity and incidence of root discoloration were observed even with the partially resistant cultivar 769A. Conversely, in other fields with high inoculum densities, low ratings of severity and incidence of discolored roots were observed even with the susceptible cultivar 647A. These results suggest that a disease-forecast system based solely on inoculum densities of V. dahliae would be unreliable under field conditions when the other factors affecting the inoculum density-disease relationships cannot be controlled. Knowing the amount of initial inoculum may, however, save growers from planting horseradish in highly infested fields, but it would not guarantee a disease-free crop in fields with low levels of infestation.
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Full text of article

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
population dynamics/ epidemiology

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Verticillium dahliae Horseradish (Armoracia rusticana) U.S.A. (mid N)