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Ixodes hexagonus female
Author(s): André Karwath
Source: Wikimedia Commons
Vernacular names
• Deutsch: Schildzecken
• English: hard ticks
• Español: garrapatas duras
• Français: Ixodidés

Ixodidae - (hard ticks)

This is the most important family of ticks. The back of the males is completely covered by a hard shield (scutum). The scutum is usually small in females. The mouthparts are directed forward. The development goes through three life stages - larva, nymph and adult - each of which requires just one very large blood meal before moulting.

The family contains about 650 species and important vectors of human and animal diseases, mainly Borrelia bacteria like the Lyme disease as well as viruses.

The following genera are currently entered under Ixodidae: