European Journal of Plant Pathology (2012) 133, 671-685

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L.K. Prom, R. Perumal, S.R. Erattaimuthu, C.R. Little, E.G. No, J.E. Erpelding, W.L. Rooney, G.N. Odvody and C.W. Magill (2012)
Genetic diversity and pathotype determination of Colletotrichum sublineolum isolates causing anthracnose in sorghum
European Journal of Plant Pathology 133 (3), 671-685
Abstract: Amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) based genetic diversity was analyzed for 232 Colletotrichum sublineolum isolates collected between 2002 and 2004 from three geographically distinct regions of Texas, and from Arkansas, Georgia, and Puerto Rico. Results revealed significant levels of polymorphism (59%) among the isolates. Even so, genetic similarity between isolates was high, ranging from 0.78 to 1.00. Clustering of similar isolates did not correlate with either geographic origin or year of collection. Pathotypes of 20 of the isolates were determined using 14 sorghum lines previously used in Brazil and the United States and 4 from Sudan. Seventeen new pathotypes were established from the 18 isolates that gave uniform and consistent reactions on all host differentials over 2 years of greenhouse testing. Differentials BTx378 and QL3 were resistant to all isolates while BTx623 and TAM428 were universally susceptible both years. Each of these lines had shown differential responses in prior studies indicating that the pathogen population has sufficient diversity to adapt rapidly to changes in resistant host lines deployed. When the 2-step pathotype classification scheme was used, the 18 isolates examined in this study were placed in four pathotype groups (A, C, D and G), which would further then be separated into ten distinct pathotypes. Common sets of differentials and a standardized nomenclature will allow for comparison to be made among pathotypes of C. sublineolum detected from different regions and also could help direct planting of appropriate sorghum lines and aid in the development of more durable forms of resistance.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Clint Magill, Gary Odvody, Louis K. Prom, Christopher R. Little

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
molecular biology - genes
general biology - morphology - evolution

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Colletotrichum sublineola Sorghum (crop) Puerto Rico
Colletotrichum sublineola Sorghum (crop) U.S.A. (mid S)
Colletotrichum sublineola Sorghum (crop) U.S.A. (SE)