Tungidae

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Tunga penetrans (click on image to enlarge it)
Source: Wikimedia Commons

Tungidae - (sand fleas)
The family contains 4 genera with more than 20 species. Only some species of the genus Tunga are considered pests. These are ectoparasites of humans and other mammals which burrow into the skin causing inflammations.

Vernacular names
• Deutsch: Sandflöhe
• English: sand fleas
jiggers

The species of Tungidae are characterized by the structure of the mid coxae (without internal ridge), the hind coxae (without internal strong bristles), the hind tibae (without an apical tooth on the outside) and the last abdominal segment called sensilium having 8 pits on each side.


The following genera are currently entered under this family: