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oil palm (centre left) with symptoms of sudden wilt (marchitez sorpresiva, caused by Phytomonas)
Author(s): Monica Elliott, University of Florida

Trypanosomatidae - Phytomonas

The family Trypanosomatidae is best known for the genus Trypanosoma, which includes organisms causing sleeping sickness and Chagas disease in humans. The genus Phytomonas infects plants. Some Phytomonas species can cause lethal diseases on palms and crops like coffee or cassava. They are are widely distributed and have been described as flagellated protozoa. They are believed to spread mainly through plant sucking hemiptera. Several species occur in South and Central America. For example Phytomonas staheli causes a lethal hart rot disease on coconut and oil palms.

The literature database currently contains 18 publications for Phytomonas (genus). Please note that literature records for genera may not be complete. See box above on left for queries from the literature database.

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