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Trypanosomatidae - Phytomonas
The family Trypanosomatidae belongs to the Excavata supergroup of organisms and is unrelated to animals, plants or fungi. It is best known for the genus Trypanosoma, which includes organisms causing sleeping sickness and Chagas disease in humans. The genus Phytomonas contains all trypanosomatids living in plants. Around 200 species have been described, colonizing over 20 plant families. Several Phytomonas species are pathogenic and can cause lethal diseases on palms as well as crops like coffee or cassava.
A number of pathogenic species inhabit sieve tubes, while other species are mainly found in latex ducts, fruits or flowers. Phytomonas species are believed to spread through plant sucking insects, mainly hemiptera. Several pathogenic species occur in South and Central America. For example Phytomonas staheli causes a lethal hart rot disease on coconut and oil palms.
For a review of the genus Phytomonas see Schwelm et al. (2018).
The following diseases are currently entered in the system: