Plant Disease (2001) 85, 1149-1156

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E. Ben-Noon, D. Shtienberg, E. Shlevin and H. Vintal (2001)
Optimization of chemical suppression of Alternaria dauci, the causal agent of Alternaria leaf blight in carrots
Plant Disease 85 (11), 1149-1156
Abstract: Alternaria leaf blight, caused by Alternaria dauci, is a major constraint to carrot production in Israel. Israeli carrot growers apply prophylactic sprays at 3- to 10-day intervals throughout the season until harvest, up to 30 sprays in a growing season. In this study, we attempted to optimize the chemical suppression of the disease, in order to reduce fungicide use. The efficacy of nine fungicides was determined in two field experiments. All fungicides reduced disease severity, but there were significant differences in efficacy among them. The most effective were difenoconazole and chlorothalonil; less effective were copper hydroxide, tebuconazole, trifloxystrobin, and mancozeb; the least effective in our experiments were flutrifol, propineb, and iprodione. The effect of the time of spray initiation on fungicide efficacy was determined in three field experiments. Qualitative (analysis of variance) and quantitative (regression) analyses of the data revealed that initiating sprays after disease onset reduced control efficacy. Thus, an action threshold model could not be developed for A. dauci in carrots. The time before harvest at which sprays could be terminated was tested in two field experiments and it was found that terminating sprays 14 days before harvest did not significantly affect the overall control efficacy. The main conclusions derived from these experiments were tested and corroborated in two additional field experiments.
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Database assignments for author(s): D. Shtienberg

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
control - general

Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.

Alternaria dauci Carrot (Daucus carota) Israel