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female human head louse, Pediculus humanus capitis (click on image to enlarge it)
Author(s): Gilles San Martin
Source: Wikimedia Commons

This family of lice includes the human body and head louse, Pediculus humanus. The family is very small and only has 2 genera and 6 species of blood sucking parasites which are adapted to humans and other primates.

The following species are currently entered under Pediculidae: