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Loxosceles Heineken & Lowe, 1832 - (recluse spiders)
The species of this genus are mainly found in America and are known for their poisonous bites, although they are not aggressive. The bites also vary in severity with some resulting in a small or mild reaction including itchiness and fast healing. In severe cases bites result in necrotic skin lesions which might take months to heal. Very serious reactions are rare, but some deaths of children have been reported.
The body of the adult is brown and around 10 mm long. The cephalothorax has a characteristic violin marking, but such markings can also be found in some other spiders.
For details see the respective page in Wikipedia.
The literature database currently contains 22 publications for the genus Loxosceles. See the box above on the left for queries from the literature database. The database includes articles on the different species listed below as well as general articles for this genus. However, please note that the lists may require update and may be incomplete.
Currently, the following species have been entered into the system: