Journal of Phytopathology (2006) 154, 84-87

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B.S. Vieira and R.W. Barreto (2006)
First record of Bremia lactucae infecting Sonchus oleraceus and Sonchus asper in Brazil and its infectivity to lettuce
Journal of Phytopathology 154 (2), 84-87
Abstract: Bremia lactucae is recorded for the first time causing downy mildew on common sowthistle (Sonchus oleraceus) and spiny sowthistle (Sonchus asper) in Brazil. The disease and etiological agent are described. Pathogencity of sporangia obtained from S. oleraceus was tested on 12 species belonging to the Asteraceae, already recorded in the literature as hosts of B. lactucae, and four commonly cultivated varieties of lettuce. All four cultivars of lettuce, S. oleraceus and S. asper showed symptoms of the disease and sporulation of the pathogen 5 days after inoculation. It has been observed that the disease occurs on Sonchus spp. throughout the year in Viçosa (state of Minas Gerais), being more common on these two hosts than on lettuce. Both weeds are very common invaders of vegetable growing areas in Brazil. This indicates that those two hosts for the fungus may be important inoculum reservoirs for disease occurring in lettuce, highlighting the need for control of these weeds as part of the procedures aimed at controlling this disease. These results are also in agreement with the views that B. lactucae is split into host-specific infra-specific taxa. Lettuce and sowthistles are regarded as closely related, belonging to the same subfamily and tribe in the Asteraceae (Subfamily Cichorioideae: Tribe Lactuceae).
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website
Database assignments for author(s): Robert Weingart Barreto

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
environment - cropping system/rotation


Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.


Bremia lactucae Lettuce (Lactuca) Brazil (south)
Sonchus oleraceus (weed) Brazil (south)
Sonchus asper (weed) Brazil (south)