International Journal of Tropical Insect Science (2018) 38, 77-92

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Udo Feldmann, Stephen G.A. Leak and Jorge Hendrichs (2018)
Assessing the feasibility of creating tsetse and trypanosomosis-free zones
International Journal of Tropical Insect Science 38 (1), 77-92
Abstract: The establishment of the Pan-African Tsetse and Trypanosomosis Eradication Campaign (PATTEC) falling under the African Union Commission, and the initiation of national PATTEC projects in affected African countries stimulated a revival of national and sub-regional efforts and helped to generate donor support for creating sustainable agricultural and livestock development zones that are free of tsetse and trypanosomosis (TandT). Such projects are long-term, complex undertakings, requiring careful planning and consideration of relevant technical and non-technical interdependencies. There is international consensus that TandT interventions should: (a) adopt a phased and conditional approach in their planning, implementation, and monitoring; (b) adhere to the integrated pest management area-wide (AW-IPM) concept, ensuring that the most appropriate combination or sequence of intervention measures is selected; and (c) follow the AW-IPM concept of targeting entire isolated or well-confined insect pest populations. The phases of this process include: (a) policy and strategy development, assurance of long-term commitment, and establishment of effective management structures; (b) baseline data collection; (c) general technical feasibility assessment; (d) consideration of various relevant factors and trends; (e) detailed assessment of the technical feasibility of combinations of intervention tactics that may or may not include a sterile insect technique component; (f) capacity development and pre-operational work; (g) operational implementation of an AW-IPM campaign to create TandT-free zones; and (h) adherence to agreed procedures for the 'Declaration of Assumption of Freedom from TandT', and, eventually, the 'Declaration of Elimination'. This paper provides guidance on the steps to be followed to assess the feasibility of creating TandT-free zones.
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