Ceratopogonidae

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Leptoconops sp. (click on image to enlarge it)
Author: CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation)
Source: Wikimedia Commons
Vernacular names
• Deutsch: Gnitzen
• English: biting midges
• Español: ceratopogónidos
• Français: cératopogonidés

Ceratopogonidae (biting midges)
The family contains around 4,000 species of small gnat-like flies, with a body length of up to 2 mm. The females suck the blood of vertebrates or other insects while the males feed on plant juices. Several are important vectors of virus or filariasis diseases. Many breed in soil rich in organic matter whereas others breed in water.

For details see the respective page in Wikipedia.

The following genera are currently entered under Ceratopogonidae: