Biological Invasions (2014) 16, 1009-1020

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M. Joseph Hughes, Elizabeth G. Johnson and Paul R. Armsworth (2014)
Optimal spatial management of an invasive plant using a model with above- and below-ground components
Biological Invasions 16 (5), 1009-1020
Abstract: Invasive species can disrupt and damage their non-native habitats and are often the focus of control efforts. Motivated by considering the control of kudzu (Pueraria montana) by grazers, we model plant growth with above- and below-ground components where grazing pressure is applied in discrete pulses. We compare two strategies, one that manages for eradication and one that minimizes above-ground biomass to maximize a site's aesthetic and recreational value (beautification). We then consider the spatial allocation of a limited budget to protect a prioritized target patch from invasion from neighboring patches. Optimal management for the beautification goal and eradication goal are similar when budgets are limited and when the initial invasion size is small. Management diverges when budgets or initial invasion size are large. As such, smaller management efforts have less of an imperative to carefully define their management goal. Additionally, our model suggests the ability of the invading plant to respond after control or disturbance, and not overall growth rate, is the important factor when considering differences in optimal management strategies between different goals. Non-target patches were controlled more often when budgets were larger, initial invasion sizes on the target patch were small, and growth rates were low. This pattern suggests that controlling even small non-target patches is only economically favorable when continued control of the target patch passes a threshold of diminishing returns, counter to classic results where small satellite populations are controlled first to prevent new growth.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
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Database assignments for author(s): M. Joseph Hughes

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
control - general


Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.
Pueraria montana (weed)