Biocontrol Science and Technology (2017) 27, 149-168

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Birhan A. Abate, Michael J. Wingfield, Bernard Slippers and Brett P. Hurley (2017)
Commercialisation of entomopathogenic nematodes: should import regulations be revised?
Biocontrol Science and Technology 27 (2), 149-168
Abstract: Entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) in the families Steinernematidae and Heterorhabditidae are obligate insect pathogens. Their favourable characteristics as biocontrol agents have resulted in some species of EPNs being released globally and widely used for the control of diverse insect pests. In this review, we consider the occurrence of currently described EPN species, including those that have been released globally for commercial purposes. We also discuss the contribution of regulation policies to the global distribution of these species and issues that influence import regulations. Possible non-target effects, the use of commercial versus native EPNs and the possible interaction between these species are considered. Finally, we provide a view as to whether existing policies adequately deal with the risks associated with the global movement of EPNs and we suggest future directions that should be considered for the use of EPNs as biological control agents.
(The abstract is excluded from the Creative Commons licence and has been copied with permission by the publisher.)
Link to article at publishers website


Database assignments for author(s): Michael J. Wingfield, Bernard Slippers

Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
general biology - morphology - evolution


Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.
Steinernema (genus - entomopathogens)
Heterorhabditis (genus - entomopathogens)