Anopheles sinensis

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Anopheles sinensis (click on image to enlarge it)
Author: James Gathany
Source: CDC Public Health Image Library

Anopheles sinensis Wiedemann, 1828

This mosquito is found in southern Asia from India to Japan, including China, Taiwan, Indonesia, South Korea and Thailand. It is zoophilic, preferring to feed on cattle and other domestic animals. However, it also bites humans readily, especially when animal hosts are not available. It is an important vector of malaria (Plasmodium vivax) in some areas.

A. sinensis breeds in various water accumulations but mainly in rice fields. Other water bodies are also used, for example, pools with floating vegetation. Populations can increase rapidly as the development of the immature stages is completed in only 2 weeks. Adults hibernate in areas with a more temperate climate. A. sinensis belongs to the Anopheles hyrcanus group.

For a review see Sinka et al. 2011.