Agronomy for Sustainable Development (2015) 35, 1175-1183

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Maria de Lourdes Corrêa Figueiredo, Ivan Cruz, Rafael Braga da Silva and John Edward Foster (2015)
Biological control with Trichogramma pretiosum increases organic maize productivity by 19.4%
Agronomy for Sustainable Development 35 (3), 1175-1183
Abstract: Spodoptera frugiperda is a major pest causing maize yield loss in Brazil. There is therefore a need for control methods, notably for organic farming because classical pesticides are not allowed. A potential solution for organic maize is to apply the biological control agent Trichogramma pretiosum to reduce S. frugiperda populations. Here, we tested the application of one, two, or three releases of T. pretiosum. We measured plant damage ratings, egg masses parasitized, and grain yield. Results show that 79.2 % of egg masses were parasited. Maize yields for parasited plots increased of 701 kg/ha versus control plots. This result equals a 19.4 % gain of productivity and US$96.5 gain per hectare. Therefore, biological control with egg parasitoids is a promising alternative to control S. frugiperda in organic maize.
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Research topic(s) for pests/diseases/weeds:
biocontrol - natural enemies
Research topic(s) for beneficials or antagonists:
application technology


Pest and/or beneficial records:

Beneficial Pest/Disease/Weed Crop/Product Country Quarant.
Spodoptera frugiperda Maize/corn (Zea mays) Brazil (south)
Trichogramma pretiosum (parasitoid) Spodoptera frugiperda Maize/corn (Zea mays) Brazil (south)